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Difference between Permanent Resident and Citizen

Difference between Permanent Resident and CitizenMost people often  get confused with “permanent resident” and “U.S. citizen”. Of course, both have the right to live in the United States legally without any issues.

Who is permanent resident and benefits?

A permanent resident has been granted  the right, to live in the United States permanently. They are given a photo ID that proves their permanent resident status, called “green card”.

Permanent residents have the right to work and appeal for their close family members (would be unmarried children, spouse) to receive permanent residence and join them. But these family members would be considered only as  “preference relatives “, that means only limited number of immigrant visas are available in this category every year.  They will have to spend five or more years to get the green card or to be a permanent resident.

Every single time when a permanent resident travel outside the United States.It is mandatory to carry the passport and green card, as a green card is used to reenter the United States. If permanent residents intent to leave the country and settle in another country, it will be considered as abandoning the residence and giving  up the green card. Immigration authorities will scrutinize your stay outside the United States for more than six months and then they will consider that you have abandoned your residence. Once that happens, it is very difficult to convince  the authorities to come back again to US. If you are planning to  leave the United States for more than 12 months, it’s always advised to get the reentry permit prior. At the time of return to the United States, you will be questioned on the same grounds of inadmissibility that you faced when you applied for the green card. So, if you have been receiving government assistance or welfare, you could be excluded at the border as a public charge.

The most important limitation for permanent residents is that they do not have the right to vote in U.S elections .If you commit certain crimes or security violations, or even fail to advise USCIS of your changes of address, you can be placed in removal proceedings and might get deported. After 5 years  of stay in the country permanent residents who have good moral character, athletically fit, proved not harmful to the country can speak, read, and write English and then pass an exam on U.S. history and government can apply for U.S. citizenship (to naturalize).

Who is U.S Citizen?

People who have born in the United States and has U.S citizens as parents (depending on the laws effects at the time of their birth), is eligible to receive a U.S. Passport which is allotted  by the  U.S state department, this is a process known as naturalization .One of the advantage being a US citizen is that many countries allow visa-free travel .

A U.S citizen can leave and reenter country at any time without being questioned or  a reentry permit. There are no restrictions on  the number of days that they can stay outside United States..They can vote in U.S federal and local elections, and can apply for government jobs as well.

As a U.S citizen, he/she can appeal to a number of relatives to immigrate.Spouse, unmarried children under age 21, parents are considered as close relatives are eligible to immigrate  as soon as all the paperwork and interviews have been completed .Your married children and children over age 21, as well as your brothers and sisters, are considered as preference relatives. Therefore,  can be put on a waiting list to immigrate. (This may take several years, especially for the siblings.)  .U.S citizens cannot be expelled from the country unless they commit something illegal or fraudulently to obtain the green card or citizenship.

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